Diurnal variability of subglacial drainage conditions as revealed by tracer experiments

May 9, 2021 0 Comments

first_imgThe morphology of the drainage system of Unteraargletscher, Switzerland, and the diurnal variability of drainage conditions were investigated by conducting a series of tracer tests over a number of discharge cycles during the ablation season 2000. Dye injections into a moulin were repeated at intervals of a few hours and were accompanied by simultaneous measurements of discharge of supraglacial meltwater draining into the moulin and bulk runoff in the proglacial stream. Fast transit velocities in conjunction with low dispersion values suggest that the tracer was routed through a hydraulically efficient, channelized drainage system. However, detailed analyses reveal a large diurnal variability in terms of transit velocity and dispersion coefficient. This finding underlines the difficulty of detecting a possible drainage system evolution based on single tracer tests conducted at coarse temporal intervals. Furthermore, the obtained velocity-discharge relationships display pronounced hysteresis. We suggest that the evolution of the cross-sectional area of an ice-walled conduit and the modulation of inflow at the junction of a tributary moulin to a main subglacial channel are responsible for the observed behavior.last_img read more

Scoreboard roundup — 9/9/20

May 8, 2021 0 Comments

first_imgSeptember 10, 2020 /Sports News – National Scoreboard roundup — 9/9/20 Written by Beau Lundcenter_img FacebookTwitterLinkedInEmailiStockBy ABC News(NEW YORK) — Here are the scores from Wednesday’s sports events:MAJOR LEAGUE BASEBALLINTERLEAGUEMilwaukee 19, Detroit 0Chi White Sox 8, Pittsburgh 1NY Mets 7, Baltimore 6San Francisco 10, Seattle 1AMERICAN LEAGUEKansas City 3, Cleveland 0NY Yankees 7, Toronto 2Texas 7, LA Angels 3Oakland 3, Houston 2NATIONAL LEAGUESan Diego 5, Colorado 3Cincinnati 3, Chi Cubs 0Atlanta 29, Miami 9LA Dodgers 6, Arizona 4 (10)NATIONAL BASKETBALL ASSOCIATION PLAYOFFSToronto 125, Boston 122 (2OT) (Series tied 3-3)LA Clippers 96, Denver 85 (LA leads 3-1)NATIONAL HOCKEY LEAGUE PLAYOFFSTampa Bay 2, NY Islanders 1 (Tampa Bay leads 2-0)WOMEN’S NATIONAL BASKETBALL ASSOCIATIONPhoenix 100, Connecticut 95 (OT)Atlanta 97, Chicago 89Seattle 107, Dallas 95MAJOR LEAGUE SOCCERMinnesota 3, FC Dallas 2Toronto FC 2, Montreal 1Miami 2, Atlanta 1Houston 1, Colorado 1 (Tie)Real Salt Lake 3, Los Angeles FC 0Copyright © 2020, ABC Audio. All rights reserved.last_img read more

Corporate Training Subject Matter Expert

May 3, 2021 0 Comments

first_imgPhysical Demands and Working Conditions:Sedentary Work – Exerting up to 10 pounds of force occasionally, anegligible amount of force frequently, and/or constantly having tolift, carry, push, pull or otherwise move objects, including thehuman body. Sedentary work involves sitting most of the time. Jobsare sedentary if walking and standing are required onlyoccasionally and all other sedentary criteria are met. Positions inthis class typically require talking, hearing, seeing, grasping,standing, walking and repetitive motions. Relatively free fromunpleasant environmental conditions or hazards. Office environment.Little physical effort required.***This is a Security Sensitive position. Therefore candidateswill be subject to a criminal background check.***The intent of this job description is to provide arepresentative summary of the types of duties and responsibilitiesthat will be required of the positions given this title and shallnot be construed as a declaration of the specific duties andresponsibilities of any particular position. Employees may berequested to perform job-related tasks other than thosespecifically presented in this description. Fair Labor StandardsAct (exempt/non-exempt) is designated by position. The employeractively supports Americans with Disabilities Act and will considerreasonable accommodations.Employment Type: Continuing Education InstructorCompensation Type: HourlyCompensation Range: $65.00 – 65.00For any employment questions, please contact HR at (972) 985-3783or [email protected] .Collin College provides equal employment opportunities (EEO) toall employees and applicants for employment without regard to race,color, religion, sex, national origin, age, disability orgenetics. Conduct contracted training which may include training coursedevelopment, delivery, and evaluation in a professionalmanner.Maintain familiarity with current training modalities andrelevant industry trends.Familiarity with technology used to deliver training.Prepare and submit any necessary training handouts, trainingparticipant evaluations, training rosters, and any otherdocumentation pertaining to the training course.Immediately notify program director of any and all supportservices that trainees may need. Respect company confidentiality indiscussing training.Maintain a thorough working knowledge of and adhere to CollegeMission, procedures and regulations.Keep the Corporate College Chief Operating Officer (COO) wellinformed of activities, results of efforts, problemsidentified/potential problems related to instruction andtrainees.Perform other duties as assigned.Perform all duties and maintain all standards in accordancewith college policies, procedures and Core Values. Required Qualifications:Education, work experience and certifications/licenses requirementsvary based on subject being taught in accordance with guidelinesset by Collin Corporate College.Knowledge, Skills and Abilities: Corporate Training Subject Matter ExpertLocation:4800 Preston Park Blvd, Courtyard CampusPlano, Texas, 75093United StatesWe are searching for an experiencedCorporate Training SubjectMatter Expert.Job Purpose:Provide training instruction to Corporate College clients which mayinclude day, evening, weekend courses, online instruction, andother instructional modalities. For a list of current CorporateCollege training areas visit:http://www.collin.edu/corporatecollege/ .Essential Duties and Responsibilities: Knowledge of corporate training processes and challengesKnowledge of best practices in instructional design and adultlearning stylesKnowledge of best practices in instructional deliveryKnowledge of computing and media equipmentKnowledge of current local business events issues andopportunitiesInterpersonal skillsCommunication skillsComputer and applicable software skillsInternet researching skillsPresentation skillsProblem solving skillsConflict resolution skillsAbility to effectively handle multiple projectsAbility to create a positive impression of Collin College andthe Corporate College DepartmentAbility to organize, schedule, and utilize timeefficientlyAbility to relate and work cooperatively with diversegroupsAbility to accurately summarize conversation and emailcontentAbility to ability to anticipate details for specific programsand eventsAbility to maintain confidentialityAbility to analyze data and summarize resultslast_img read more

JUST IN: National Championship Series Pushed To Monday

May 3, 2021 0 Comments

first_imgUniversity of Southern Indiana Softball will have to wait until Monday to open the best-of-three NCAA Division II National Championship Series with Saint Anselm College.The two teams will play game one of the series at 9 a.m. (CDT), with game two slated to start 30 minutes following the conclusion of the opener. Game three, if necessary, is slated for Tuesday at a time to be determined.Rain and soggy field conditions were a determining factor of the games being pushed back.FacebookTwitterCopy LinkEmailSharelast_img read more

Stream Dawes’ New Album “We’re All Gonna Die” Now

March 2, 2021 0 Comments

first_imgAmericana rockers Dawes have a new album coming out next week, and we are really pumped to hear the band’s newest music. Luckily, you can stream it right here, right now!Thanks to NPR Music, the album, entitled We’re All Gonna Die, is now available to stream in its entirety, which we’ve included below for your listening pleasure.We’re All Gonna Die will be available for physical and digital purchase next week on Friday, September 16th. Enjoy the new Dawes album, in full, below.last_img read more

Vulfpeck Welcomes Cory Henry, The Fearless Flyers At Chilly Red Rocks Blowout [Photos/Video]

March 2, 2021 0 Comments

first_imgLoad remaining images Vulfpeck returned to the iconic Red Rocks Amphitheatre on a snowy Thursday night for their first performance of 2019 featuring support from Khruangbin and Cory Henry‘s trio, The Revival.After top-notch sets by Henry and Khruangbin, Vulfpeck took the stage sporting colorful 80s-style ski gear for their headlining performance. The band began the show by working through a number of fan-favorites including “The Sweet Science”, “Animal Spirits”, “Cory Wong”, “Disco Ulysses”, and “Hero Town”. Next, the band welcomed Cory Henry to the stage to add some extra organ to “Adrienne & Adrianne” before Theo Katzman took to the mic for “Lonely Town”.Vocalist Antwaun Stanley took the stage for the next portion of the show, leading the band through “1612”, “Funky Duck”, “Aunt Leslie”, and “Wait For The Moment”, the latter of which also featured Henry on the organ. After a characteristically off-kilter “TED Rocks” speech from Jack Stratton, the ensemble delivered a “peck-a-pella” rendition of “Back Pocket” before ceding the spotlight to bassist Joe Dart for one of his signature vehicles, “Beastly”. Katzman once again led the band on vocals for a sing-along “Christmas In L.A.” before Dart drove the set home with “Dean Town”.When the stage lights came back up for the “encore”, the familiar floating guitar stands of Vulfpeck offshoot band The Fearless Flyers came into view. In turn, Cory Wong, Joe Dart, guitarist Mark Lettieri, and drummer Nate Smith took the stage in their trademark all-black and sunglasses for a surprise mini-set to close the performance. The Fearless Flyers segment marked just the second time the nascent band has performed live, following their one-off North Coast Music Festival late-night show last summer. You can watch video of The Fearless Flyers’ surprise appearance at Red Rocks below:The Fearless Flyers – Red Rocks Mini-Set[Video: Kayleigh B]Below, you can check out a gallery of photos from the performance courtesy of photographer Matt Shotwell (@strawberryisland.dweller).Next up for Vulfpeck is a pair of “Greek Week” performance in L.A. and Berkeley, CA on July 13th and 14th, followed by a slot at LOCKN‘ on August 24th and their headlining debut at Madison Square Garden (with The Fearless Flyers) on September 28th. For more information, head here.Khruangbin also has a number of performances coming up in the next few months, including a slot at Lightning In A Bottle 2019 this weekend. For a full list of their upcoming dates, head here.Cory Henry will stick around Colorado through the weekend. On Friday, May 10th, he’ll bring his trio to Boulder’s Fox Theatre. On Sunday, May 11th, The Revival will stir Denver’s spirituality with a performance at Cervantes’ Masterpiece Ballroom. For a full list of Henry’s upcoming shows, head here.Setlist: Vulfpeck | Red Rocks | Morrison, CO | 5/9/19Set: The Sweet Science, Tee Time Intro, Animal Spirits, Cory Wong, Disco Ulysses, Hero Town, Adrienne & Adrianne*, Lonely Town, 1612, Funky Duck, Aunt Leslie, Wait For The Moment*, TED Rocks Speech, Back Pocket^, Beastly, Christmas in LA, Dean TownFearless Flyers encore: Flyers Direct, Daddy, He Got A Cessna, The Speedwalker, Ace of Aces, mmmBop&*featuring Cory Henry^”peck-a-pella”& Hanson cover, featuring Theo KatzmanVulfpeck, Khruangbin | Red Rocks | Morrison, CO | 5/9/19 | Photos: Matt Shotwelllast_img read more

Clips of the Week: Strider Shredder, Southern Snowboarding, and Hank Patterson

December 30, 2020 0 Comments

first_imgOur favorite outdoor videos from around the internet for the week that was:1. Strider ShredderOk, so this kid isn’t exactly on a Strider, just like every tissue isn’t a Kleenex, but this video of a 3-year-old crushing the bike park on a mini-bike with no pedals in priceless. He also takes some licks near the end, but powers through like a champ.2. What Would Hank Do?Grizzlies in tutus, three legged dogs, salmon being struck by lightning; just another day in the life of world-renowned fly fishing expert and guide, Hank Patterson.3. Shredding the SouthThis video may be a little long for the internet’s attention span, but the full length version of The Appalachian Project is worth your time. The vid follows the East’s best riders as they shred parks, urban features, and even powder up and down the Appalachians from North Carolina to New York and everything in between. Get pumped for the ski season, it’ll be here before you know it.The Appalachian Project from Appalachian Boarder on Vimeo.last_img read more

Katadyn: Making Water Drinking Water

December 30, 2020 0 Comments

first_imgKatadyn has been in the business of water filtration since the 1930’s.They control over 50 percent of the water filter market worldwide with products ranging from industrial and municipal water supplies down to your personal water bottle. Their products can remove particulate matter, bacteria, and even desalinate water, and their personal pumps see use all over the globe. It’s no surprise then that we had high expectations for their Base Camp MicroFilter when it showed up at our office.Katadyn_GearThe first thing we noticed when we looked at the Base Camp was the well constructed bag the components came in. It’s an attractive black Nylon affair with two loops on either side to allow secure stowing options, with a sturdy black zipper. Inside we found a folded 6 Liter Bag with a port at the bottom and top folding bar, a filter attachment, a combination shower and output attachment, and an output hose and filter cleaner.Katadyn_Beach2We decided the best way to test out our new toy was to take it down to our local Rivanna River and see how it did in the real world. We chose a bend with easily access to both fast flowing and slow flowing water and got down to business. Filling the bag was as easy as screwing in the right attachment to the bag’s port, and dragging it through the water until it was filled.Once it was filled we folded the top of the bag down using the folding bar at the top, and searched for a low hanging branch sturdy enough to hold the bag. Which is where we ran into a problem. There weren’t any.Katadyn_FullSix liters weighs a little over 11 pounds, and since we were short on low lying tree limbs we had to hold it up with our arms for the 12 minutes it took for the bag to empty. It’s also worth noting that it’s not possible to switch out attachments to the bottom of the bag when full due to the inability to seal the top of the bag. Neither of these issues are large, but something to be aware of.In the end the only thing that matters is, does it work, and the short answer is a resounding YES. The filtered water had no trace of grain and tasted great, compared to the unfiltered river water. Two thumbs up as far as the filter is concerned.Speaking of the filter, cleaning it was a breeze. We removed the filter protector from the corrugated filter proper and simply used the provided sponge to remove what visible particles there were. All the other parts of the assembly were equally easy to clean with water and soap.Katadyn_CleaningIn the end we really like this product. It has just the right amount of capacity for a small group of people to fill their water bottles, or an individual to take a shower in the woods. We’re looking forward to taking it with us on our next long hike.Pros:1. Great Filtration of both particles and bacteria2. Plenty of Capacity for a group or personal shower3. Simplicity of operation is idiot proofCons:1. The top’s not 100-percent water tight, so it requires a friend or tree branch to use correctlyVerdict:GET IT!–Editor’s Note: We sincerely hope Blue Ridge Outdoors intern Wil Geyer does not get giardia from this very thorough product test; but we do appreciate his excellent writing and hard work.last_img read more

Salvadoran Troops Ready to Deploy to Afghanistan

December 20, 2020 0 Comments

first_img “The training has been comprehensive and complex, introducing us to the latest technology and equipment available. Standard operating procedure instruction on vehicles, weapons and radio communication will make us more successful at accomplishing our mission in Afghanistan,” said Lt. Col. Jose Gonzalez, Salvadoran troop commander. Staff Sgt. Christian Nooney, urban operations instructor, said the techniques used during the exercise were different from what the El Salvadorans were used to. The course model is progressive, starting with individual skills including medical knowledge and weapons, moving on to Afghan culture and language, and wrapping up with tactical lane training. Training isn’t the only thing the Salvadoran Soldiers will take with them. Sometimes something special transpires when you have two groups of people with a base of things in common, like the army. This U.S. Southern Command Commander, United States Marine Corps Gen. John Kelly, visited Fort Polk June 24 to observe the Salvadorans training in the Joint Security Forces Assistant Course. He is the first combatant commander to visit Fort Polk in a decade. It is important that the training is as close to what the soldiers will encounter in Afghanistan as possible. “I am most grateful for the friendships we’ve developed with 162nd Infantry Brigade during this training,” said Gonzalez. These are the first foreign soldiers to go through the Joint Security Force Assistance Course and mobilize to Afghanistan immediately after. Kelly already had a relationship with the Salvadoran troops dating back to 2003 when he was a commander in Iraq. In fact, two of the Salvadoran Soldiers in the course served with him in Iraq. Kelly recalled their warrior spirit and sense of duty. “The fight in Afghanistan isn’t an American fight; it’s a fight for the Afghani people and it’s a global fight … what’s so remarkable about small countries like El Salvador is they have nothing really to fear from terrorism. They are good, decent people who stepped forward to be in a fight with other good and decent people,” said Kelly. Training in a foreign land can present some challenges. West Louisiana weather is quite different from El Salvador. Climate can also prove to be a bitter antagonist during the winter months in Afghanistan, which the Salvadoran Soldiers will have to endure. Being physically fit and mentally tough are foundations the Salvadoran Soldiers already have and will allow for rapid acclimatization in extreme conditions, said Kelly. Salvadoran Soldiers spent eight weeks in the Joint Security Forces Assistant Course, administered by the 162nd Infantry Brigade and held at the Joint Readiness Training Center, in preparation for their deployment to Afghanistan. After the 9/11 terrorist attacks, El Salvador stood by the U.S. to become a part of Coalition Forces in Iraq and Afghanistan. By Dialogo July 11, 2013 “This is the dirtiest, toughest kind of war there is. Terrorists have the advantage to act whenever they want to … we always have to remain vigilant,” said Kelly. The U.S.-Salvadoran relationship dates back to the 1980s, when the U.S. provided the country with military aid to assist in suppressing an insurgency. In 1992, peace accords were signed and U.S. assistance shifted to rebuilding the small nation. “This has a little more structure and different tactics but the fundamentals are the same (as what U.S. Soldiers learn).” Along with adjusting to the climate of Louisiana, the Salvadoran Soldiers interacted with role players from Afghanistan as part of their training at Fort Polk. After training on Afghani culture, their knowledge was tested in a situational training exercise. During the 80’s, El Salvador’s president, Napoleon Duarte, had no other than president Reagan as a friend. I remember living in that small Central American Country in 1985, near the tragic days of a group of Marines within Zona Rosa; days later, Ines Guadalupe Duarte would be kidnapped by a Guerrilla Commando of Farabundo Martí; she was the daughter of President Duarte.Some time later Duarte got sick and in many occasions his loyal friend President Reagan sent him a plane to be treated at Base Andrews, and that’s how it was until his last days. Those who lived in San Salvador saw that gesture of brotherhood and humanity in a very good light. President Reagan was, without a doubt, a very high-profile man. I was in Colorado and later in Oklahoma, and I learned of the death of President Reagan and thanks to circumstances I was able to see in Oklahoma all the honors and good moments of President Reagan’s life, which is something I remember dearly, it was June 2004 when he passed away.last_img read more

Texas program aims for Web-based school flu surveillance

November 18, 2020 0 Comments

first_imgEditor’s note: CIDRAP’s Promising Practices: Pandemic Influenza Preparedness Tools (www.publichealthpractices.org) online database showcases peer-reviewed practices, including useful tools to help others with their planning. This article is one of a series exploring the development of these practices. We hope that describing the process and context of these practices enhances pandemic planning.Jun 26, 2009 (CIDRAP News) – A couple of years ago, the system for reporting and evaluating influenza-like illness (ILI) outbreaks in Fort Worth, Tex., schools—a key part of Tarrant County’s disease surveillance program—didn’t exactly yield fine-grained information in real time.School districts gathered up attendance information from their schools once a week and sent it by fax, or in some cases e-mail, to Tarrant County Public Health (TCPH). At TCPH, officials analyzed the data manually. In case of outbreaks, they issued fact sheets and reports to the school districts on an as-needed basis.That somewhat creaky system began to change about 2 school years back, when TCPH developed a Web-based system that permits school nurses to submit daily reports on absenteeism and ILI directly to the health department. The same system allows TCPH to analyze the data in a more automated fashion and to provide abundant information to school nurses via the Web.Now the Tarrant County School Health Surveillance System (SHSS) program is making headway, TCPH officials say. It has been embraced by about a third of the schools in Tarrant County, and it has overcome a number of glitches. Officials say they are encouraged.Under the old system, TCPH received only weekly, school-district–wide data, making it hard to quickly pinpoint outbreaks, and if a report wasn’t submitted, data for a whole district was missing, said Dean Lampman, regional surveillance coordinator for TCPH.”So we wanted to fix all those things, and the system we’re developing is our attempt to do that. And it’s been mostly successful,” Lampman said.Quest for surveillance improvementsWithin TCPH is the Southwest Center for Advanced Public Health Practice, a program funded by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) to develop exemplary public health practices that can be readily replicated by others. There are seven such centers around the country, Lampman said.In line with that program, Lampman said he was looking for ways to improve the whole spectrum of TCPH’s disease surveillance tools, including hospital data, over-the-counter drug sales, ambulance calls, emergency medical service data, and school absenteeism reports, among other things.The idea of developing an Internet-based system for school disease surveillance emerged from discussions Lampman had with Tabatha Powell, MPH, who at the time was a doctoral student in public health, and others, he said.”I thought if I could develop a system that could collect data electronically and have it flow into the ESSENCE system, we might be on to something,” he said. ESSENCE is the computer program Electronic Surveillance System for the Early Notification of Community-based Epidemics, which is widely used in public health to look for statistical anomalies in disease data, he explained.Electronic reporting and automated analysis were two of the key objectives, said Lampman. Two others were to gather reports more than once a week and obtain them from individual schools, not just whole districts.Speaking of the novel H1N1 virus, he said, “Let’s say this was a deadly pandemic like we had in 1918—if we collected weekly, we wouldn’t be happy with that. So we asked for daily collection.”More generally, the program was designed to ease information exchange between TCPH and county schools, support early detection of ILI, focus public health resources in response, and give school nurses one-stop access to information to help them promote disease prevention, according to a report Lampman and colleagues wrote after the program’s first year.Dual development tasksDeveloping the system involved the dual tasks of laying the groundwork with school nurses and building the electronic tools.TCPH held half a dozen meetings with nurses from the county’s approximately 300 public schools to enlist their support and gather suggestions on how the system would work, Lampman said.Getting their support “wasn’t as easy as we might’ve hoped,” he said. “However, we didn’t get into this with any misconceptions that it was going to be easy. Even with the old program we had less than 100% compliance.”None of the nurses thought the SHSS was a bad idea, but some were concerned about how much time it might take, Lampman said. In the end, “We decided there was enough of a green light to go ahead.”On the electronic side, the system was built on an open-source platform called Dot Net Nuke. The heart of the tool is a daily report form that nurses see after they log in. There, nurses are asked to report total absences, absences due to ILI, the number of students seen by the nurse, and how many of those students had an ILI.In addition, nurses are asked to report whether the number of students with ILI seems to be increasing, decreasing, or static. Additional fields ask for information on faculty absences, including those related to ILI.Other pages on the Web portal provide maps of changing disease patterns, access to flu prevention resources, news items, analysis, and action items suggested by TCPH, according to Lampman’s report.With the use of open-source software, the SHSS wasn’t very expensive to launch and was supported by TCPH’s Advanced Practice Center funds, he said. Later, TCPH applied and received flu surveillance money from the Texas Department of State Health Services.Slow-motion launchTCPH launched the system in the fall of 2007. It quickly became clear that broad participation wasn’t going to be achieved overnight.”We rolled it out to everybody all at once, sent all the instructions—and then found that almost nobody started reporting immediately,” Lampman said.Eventually, TCPH officials met with the nurses to promote the program further and get their feedback, Lampman said. “It took the epidemiologist to engage with the school nurse and the lead nurse and have a face-to-face meeting, and then it came around,” he said.Part of the problem was that at the start of the school year, nurses are focusing on dealing with children’s vaccination records, said Diana Cervantes, a TCPH epidemiologist. “I think at the beginning of the year the reporting is lower because that’s their emphasis,” she said.Lampman’s official report says more than 200 school nurses in 7 of the county’s 16 school districts were trained to use the system and the online report form, which they could complete in less than 5 minutes. However, the initial data harvest varied in quality and was hard to assess because only about 60% of the nurses in the seven districts actually reported.A chart of system statistics shows that participation grew over the past 2 school years and peaked late in the flu season each year. The peak for the 2008-09 year came the first week in March, with 104 schools from nine districts reporting. (The chart covered records only through April.) The previous year, the peak came in mid-February, with 84 schools from four districts reporting.H1N1 experienceWhen the novel H1N1 virus emerged in April and May, officials saw increased reporting, Lampman reported. He said the epidemic seemed to improve the quality of the reporting, as several nurses took time to call or e-mail corrections to some of their data.When H1N1 cases broke out in Fort Worth children, the school district there closed at the recommendation of TCPH. The health department advised another district to shut down, but instead the district closed just the one school where a case was found, Lampman said.Those closure recommendations were not driven specifically by the SHSS, said Cervantes. They were shaped more by traditional “shoe-leather epidemiology,” the gathering and testing of specimens from local clinics and hospitals, she said. “The School Health Surveillance System is still kind of in its infancy; it wasn’t something that we really used when H1N1 hit to really detect any increase in absenteeism,” she added.One of the key remaining challenges for making the SHSS fully useful is to determine baseline levels of ILI in the schools, Cervantes said. “We still need to work to establish a baseline so we know when there’s an increase in ILIs or other illnesses. At this point it’s difficult to say if a certain level of ILI or illness is unusual.”Another challenge is to persuade school nurses to report daily. “They were doing it as they had time, which was basically once or twice a week,” Cervantes said.She hopes that when the system becomes more mature, it will be of greater help in making school closure recommendations and other actions.”That’s our hope, that when the reporting becomes a little more consistent and we’re able to extract the data and use it more in a real-time sense, and we can establish a baseline, that in the future it’ll help us make those decisions.”But already the system has strengthened the health department’s links with school nurses and their ties with one another, she reported.”They feel it’s a good way to get information from the health department, and keep two-way communication open with us. They feel it’s more personalized; they do enjoy that. There’s a field [on the report form] where they can add comments and give us information,” which was helpful when some Streptococcus infections cropped up.”It also kind of helps build community with other nurses,” she added. “It had them speaking to other school nurses in their area. Whenever I meet with them, that’s the feedback.”Next stepsLampman said the system needs some technical enhancements. One is to make the data transfer and analysis more automated. Right now a technician has to transfer data from the system into ESSENCE, a step that Lampman hopes to eliminate with a change in the database structure.Other future plans call for developing a “full-blown guidance document” and conducting an exercise simulating a hypothetical disease outbreak. “If H1N1 didn’t sufficiently impress or engage some people, presumably a tabletop exercise will,” he said.See also:SHSS materials on CIDRAP Promising Practices sitelast_img read more