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A recent deadly outbreak of botulism in Ohio underscores the necessity for proper home canning procedures and food preparation, a University of Georgia Extension food safety specialist said.Elizabeth Andress, director of the National Center for Home Food Preservation housed in the UGA College of Family and Consumer Sciences, said spores of Clostridium botulinum, the bacteria that cause the disease, are extremely heat resistant and can survive even hours in boiling water.If left alive after canning, the spores will eventually produce a potentially deadly toxin.”The bacteria like the conditions inside closed jars of low-acid foods, such as vegetables and meats, sitting at room temperature, so they must be killed during the canning process for safe storage,” Andress said.In Lancaster, Ohio, a 54-year-old woman died and at least 20 people have confirmed cases of botulism following a potluck luncheon at the Cross Pointe Free Will Baptist Church on April 19.At least 10 others reportedly are being monitored by the Ohio Department of Health for showing symptoms consistent with botulism. Health officials reported the cause of the outbreak in Ohio to be a potato salad containing home-canned potatoes.According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, about 145 cases of botulism are reported each year in the U.S.Foodborne botulism can be prevented by following proper canning techniques and using the right equipment to avoid contamination, Andress said.For example, canning low-acid vegetables, meats, fish and poultry requires the use of a pressure canner, she said.Andress gives these other tips for safe food storage:• Use up-to-date, science-based home canning procedures, such as those found in the “So Easy to Preserve” book from the University of Georgia (http://setp.uga.edu/), or on the National Center for Home Food Preservation website (http://nchfp.uga.edu/) • Do not taste or eat foods from cans or jars that are leaking, have bulges, are swollen, look damaged or cracked or seem abnormal in appearance or odor. Do not use products that spurt liquid or foam when the container is opened. While botulism may not cause all these problems, they do indicate that processing was not correct to prevent the disease.• Do not experiment with canning your own recipes for soups, salsas or other mixes of vegetables, even if tomatoes are included. The mixtures could be low enough in acid to support production of botulinal toxin, and you can’t determine your own processing times even if you use a pressure canner.• All pickled and fermented foods to be canned in boiling water canners must be acid enough to prevent botulism (pH less than 4.6), so use properly developed and tested recipes and procedures. Not all foods that taste pickled will be below pH 4.6.• Remember that even some non-canned foods can cause botulism if they are time-and-temperature abused. Homemade garlic or herb oil mixtures should be kept refrigerated and used within a week, according to the FDA.• All cooked low-acid foods should be held above 140 degrees or refrigerated to 40 degrees or less within two hours after cooking (one hour if the temperature is above 90 degrees).• If you followed sound directions, but have any doubt that your canning procedures were carried out flawlessly, you can boil home-canned, low-acid foods for 10 minutes prior to consuming or serving. For higher altitudes, add one minute for each 1,000 feet of elevation.For more information, visit nchfp.uga.edu/tips/summer/can_vegetables_safely. read more
Everton midfielder Ross Barkley is close to a return from injury but manager Roberto Martinez has sounded a note of caution to England Under-21 boss Gareth Southgate over his availability next summer. “Ross is coming back from an injury so he hasn’t played much football,” he said. “If the tournament was now it would be a good opportunity for Ross to get some playing time but if it is at the end of a season where he has played consistently for 10 months then he needs to have a break.” Martinez does not believe the growing clamour for young players to gain tournament experience is right despite calls for the likes of Barkley, Liverpool’s Raheem Sterling and Arsenal Jack Wilshere, Calum Chambers and Alex Oxlade-Chamberlain to be parachuted back into the junior ranks. And as most of those players mentioned have already been to a World Cup with the senior side he believes it will be a demotion for them to go back to the under-21s. “We keep talking about players who need to make tournaments but I think we need to start creating a way of playing and that way of playing will demand one player or another,” he said. “It is not because bringing so many good names together will give you a chance of being successful. “What would be the under-21s’ objective – (is it) to get players into the senior side because if players are already in the senior side what would be the motivation for a player to go into the under-21s? “Sometimes we speak too much about individual names. You need to look into it on an individual case; players who have played too much football, the needs of the team more importantly. “I am sure the under-21 national manager (Gareth Southgate) has answers for that. “Everyone is honoured to represent their country and the players will always do as they are told by the national teams and that is the way it should be.” Barkley returned to full training with the squad on Monday and could possibly play against Aston Villa on Saturday. “He is really close. He came back on Monday and has reacted extremely well,” said the Toffees boss. “Sometimes you forget what a sensational footballer he is and when you see him a full flow you realise he is infectious around the place. “He is desperate to play and his work this week has been very good. It is too early to tell whether he will be involved on Saturday but I don’t see him to be too far away from it.” Another looking to regain his place is defender Sylvain Distin, who has not played since the 3-0 Capital One Cup defeat to Swansea on September 23. Rumours of a fall-out have circulated in his continued absence from the team but Martinez said the centre-back had a dead leg – although he admitted the Frenchman could have played in two of the three matches he has sat out. “You will always get rumours but the reality was that he picked up a knock after the Swansea game and obviously at that period I considered it was right for him to have a bit of break and rejuvenate,” said the manager. “Sometimes he is such a professional he works too hard. He is someone who is not just happy with what he does with the team, he has his individual programmes and he works too much. “I felt that he needed a bit of a break but now he has come back refreshed and ready to fight for his place. “He could have played the last game against Manchester United and maybe Krasnodar, but the little knock that he had stopped him from being available for Liverpool and from that point on it was just making sure he could recover. “Sylvain is training well and is fully refreshed and is ready to fight for his place.” The 20-year-old, who has yet to feature after sustaining knee ligament damage on the eve of the campaign, is already being touted for a recall to the under-21s to bolster their squad for the 2015 European Championships. It is not an idea Martinez appears that keen on. Press Association read more
Independent Councillor Michael Mac Giolla Easbuig has called for Minister of State for the Office of Public Works and Flood Relief to urgently address the issue of coastal erosion on Maghery strand.Cllr Mac Giolla Easbuig has been in contact with the OPW and has asked that they send someone to Donegal to review the damage caused by storms before and after Christmas.“We need them to get here as soon as possible,” Cllr Mac Giolla Easbuig told Donegal Daily. “The last number of storms have caused a lot of damage. Between the Council and the community, attempts have been made to remedy the works.“The concern is how close Ionad an Mhachaire and other properties are to the beach, and something need to be put in to protect the community.“The posts were useful to a point, but when a storm hits they’re as useful as an ashtray on a motorbike.”When the posts were first placed on the beach a number of years ago, wiring was attached in order to make dozens of cages. It was hoped that the sand would build up inside the cages and marram grass would grow on the top. The curvature of the marram grass would allow further sand build up. Over time, this is how man-made sand dunes are made.The issue at Maghery strand is that the recent storms have washed away the sand that built up between the posts rendering them useless, explains the Independent Councillor. It has been suggested that rock armour may be the way forward, although concern has been expressed that rock armour may simply cause the erosion on another part of the Maghery coastline that isn’t protected by rocks.“They need to come up with something very quickly.”Before Christmas, Cllr Mac Giolla Easbuig had a private meeting with Minister Moran regarding coastal erosion at Maghery, Magheraroarty, Magheragallon, and Curransport. He is now calling for Minister Moran to take action.Over Christmas, Cllr Mac Giolla Easbuig and Hugh Boyle met with local residents in Maghery on the issue of coastal erosion.“The OPW need to send someone out right away. This can’t have a top-down approach. Works carried out has to be done in conjunction with the local community – this is vital,” he concluded. Councillor calls for improved coastal protection as winter storms batter Maghery was last modified: January 13th, 2018 by Elaine McCalligShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)Tags:donegalerosionmachaireMAGHERYOPWstrand read more